Indians should know about Watergate Scandal, because it is an interesting story, with lot of lessons to be learnt. It is a story of a country and its people which fought to defend its democratic institutions from various encroachers; sometimes the encroacher was the President of the country.
In the early 1970s, United States of America was rocked by Watergate Scandal. On 17 June 1972, few men were arrested for breaking into Democratic Party’s office in Watergate Complex. These men were there to plant bugs in the opposition party’s office with the consent of President of United States, Richard Nixon. These men were later convicted for attempted interception of telephone and other communications against wiretapping laws.
When the complicity of the President of United States was discovered and published by sagacious and committed journalists of Washington Post and New York Times, the people of United States, who were educated to value and defend their democratic institutions rose up in genuine anger. Nixon tried to stall the proceedings by invoking special privileges of a President. The court ordered Nixon to hand over the tapes which established his involvement. The eventual prosecution and hearings found Nixon guilty of obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of Congress. When the House of Representatives started formal procedures to impeach Nixon, he resigned. His political career was over. That’s how Nixon paid the price for subverting the much cherished institutions of United States of America. He remained a disgraced President (though later day historians feebly attempted to resurrect his former image).