There are too many legal issues regarding
C. BUT, Maharajah Hari Singh, King of Jammu & Kashmir regions, signed a treaty of accession to
D. BUT, he did so in the extreme conditions which were considered special circumstances. A normalcy was to be restored and then a decision had to be made on this accession which never happened.
E. IN ADDITION, Jawaharlal Nehru and Lord Mountbatten promised that they would conduct a plebiscite once the situation becomes normal.
F. BUT, for that to take place,
G. INSTEAD, a Constituent Assembly of Jammu and
H. BUT, that had many clauses including maintaining the autonomous nature of that state.
C. AND, it doesn't make sense for
F. BUT, India believes, with enough evidence to back it up, that Pakistan has meddled way too much in the affairs of Kashmir, and has induced many of its own people into this region illegally, and hence a plebiscite in such a scenario is not acceptable because it would not show the true intent of the people.
H. BUT, India believes that, if not for Pakistan's involvement, Kashmiri would have loved to be with India, as they did for the prior 40 years (before 1989), and if ever they are fighting for independence now, its because of Pakistan's involvement.
A. Kashmiri Moslems contend that
B. BUT, Kashmiri Pandits, who comprised around 10% in 1989 have migrated out of
C. Given the situation no practical solution can be devised to bring back Kashmiri Pandits to
According to 1991 Census, the population of Jammu & Kashmir is 11.6 Million. An additional 1.5 Million refugees were in
The details are given below:
Poonch, Rajori & Doda: (1.18 million) Muslims 65% Non-Muslims 35%
Leh District: (0.08 million) Muslims 5% Non-Muslims 85%
Kargil District: (0.08 million) Muslims 8% Non-Muslims 12%
The religious Composition of Pakistan controlled
Azad Kashmir: (2.50 million) Muslims: 100%
Gilgit, Baltistan: (0.70 million) Muslims: 100%
Kashmiris elsewhere: 1.1 million