The concepts of human rights, human dignity, self-rule and self-determination are quite modern. Such concepts did not exist in the ancient world. Even if we were to find a glimpse of these concepts discussed in philosophies and texts of the ancients, we do not necessarily see its implementation as a comprehensive and extended practice to actually alter the lives of the people.
For thousands of years, man was born as a slave or subject and died as one. Most of these slaves and subjects, sometimes even the landlords, did not possess any rights. And the worst part is- most of them did not even realize that they possessed certain rights that are not necessarily ordained by their monarch.
Their assets, their property, their worth, their produce and even their self-respect, was up for grabs by their landlord, their king or an invading king or a marauding dacoit. Security was an expensive commodity. The monarch provided meager security that was not even assured, and in return usurped all their rights.
It took many centuries of struggle in certain parts of the world to come to a realization that man had certain ‘inalienable’ rights, which even the most powerful monarch could not take those away from him.